Grassland biome plants are dominated by grass species. Trees are sparse, except in a few localized habitats. Bulbs and other plants with an underground root stock are often abundant. Frosts, fire and grazing maintain the grass dominance and prevent the establishment of trees.
We’ve written a series of articles to help you choose grassland biome plants for your garden or landscape project.
One tends to think of the Highveld as mainly grass with very few trees, but on the scattered koppies in this region there is really a wealth of plants eminently suited for the garden that also support many creatures. (That is why townhouse complexes don’t belong there).
In an environmentally friendly garden, it is important to create different “layers” of plant growth to simulate the habitat that occurs in nature. The shrub “layer” forms the middle layer that creates a habitat for birds that feed on the ground. One bird worthy of having in your garden is Burchell’s coucal that loves this kind of habitat.
What is not known to many people is that the perennials and bulbs that occur in the Grassland Biome are only surpassed by the plants from the Fynbos Biome. There really is a tremendous variety to choose from.
Top 10 Bulbs for Highveld Gardens will help you shorten your bulb list.
It is now crucial to select plants that shows a high resilience to changes in rainfall and temperature. Many plants in the Grasslands of South Africa have this characteristic. Grassland biome plants are used to extremes when it comes to weather.